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BREMERHAVEN - 不来梅哈芬 (最近更新:2014-4-15)    
基本信息 | 港务局信息 | 中文简介 | 英文简介 |

 基本信息
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港口中文名:
不来梅哈芬
港口英文名:
BREMERHAVEN
港口代码:
DEBRV
港口缩写:
BHV
所在国家:
GERMANY
经纬度:
53 ° 33'0"N,8 ° 35'0"E
 
时差:
-1:00  
锚地:
53-53-20N 07-48-00E  
泊位吃水:
14.5  
海图号:
3506  
港口类型:
Seaport  
港口大小:
Large  

 港务局信息
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港务局:
bremenports GmbH & Co. KG
地址:
Am Strom 2, 27568 Bremerhaven
电话:
+49 471 309 01-0
传真:
+ 49 471 309 01-9624
邮件:
marketing@bremenports.de
网址:
www.bremenports.de

 中文简介
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中文简介:

自然条件
该港属温带海洋性气候,盛行西南风。温和湿润,冬雨较多。年平均气温最低1月约零下3摄氏度,最高7月约18摄氏度。全年平均降雨量500-1000mm。平均潮差约3.6m。

港口位置
不来梅哈芬港位于德国西北部威悉河口右岸,距离公海32海里。不来梅哈芬港是德国汽车、机械及化工产品的主要出口港,欧洲最大的集装箱港之一和欧洲主要的中转港。

航道条件
目前,吃水最深为12.8米的船舶可以随时进出港口,吃水最深为15米的船舶可乘潮进出港口。威悉河下游的航道改造完成后可允许吃水达13.5米的船舶自由进出。

主要港口功能
集装箱码头
斯特伦卡耶(Stromkaje)是不来梅哈芬集装箱港的所在地,在德语中是河岸码头的含义。该港区经过数次扩建后,码头岸线长度近五公里,成为了“世界上最长的河岸码头”而被载入吉尼斯世界纪录。2008年四号集装箱码头建设完成后,不来梅哈芬港的集装箱吞吐能力为七百至八百万标箱。

该港优越的水深条件和腹地运输网络吸引了世界各大航运巨头挂靠。斯特伦卡耶岸线上一共有三家集装箱码头运营商,分别是EUROGATE不来梅哈芬集装箱码头有限公司、北海不来梅哈芬码头两合公司(NTB)和MSC Gate不来梅哈芬两合公司。其中,后两家码头公司分别是EUROGATE集团与马士基航运和地中海航运的合资公司。这三个相连的码头均配备最先进的集装箱岸桥,水平运输采用跨运车作业,码头正中央有集装箱货运站和货运火车站,码头后方有大型冷藏冷冻设施,保证各种货物最快的进出港速度。

近几年,不来梅哈芬港的集装箱吞吐量在600万标箱左右。

汽车码头
不来梅哈芬汽车港包括Kaiserhafen二号、Kaiserhafen三号码头、Nordhafen码头与Osthafen码头,由BLG汽车物流两合公司负责经营。

在新车装卸方面,不来梅哈芬是世界上最大的汽车转运港之一,是戴姆勒、宝马、现代起亚等汽车品牌进出口欧洲的门户。每年有大约1600艘汽车滚装船停靠不来梅哈芬港,其中包括能容纳8000多辆汽车的世界最大型的滚装船。

不来梅哈芬汽车港区每年的作业量为200万辆汽车,其码头设施能同时供9万辆汽车停泊。汽车码头内的技术中心为车辆提供检测、修复和加装工作,年均处理大约40万辆汽车,被誉为“欧洲最大的汽车养护车间”。

冷链物流
不来梅哈芬汇集了处理各类冷藏冷冻产品的专业企业。Heuer物流在不来梅哈芬港拥有两个码头,专门负责新鲜水果的装卸、储存和配送;自由港内的BLG冷库是不来梅哈芬港最大的冷库,提供鱼类、禽肉、果蔬等产品的冷藏冷冻、进口报关以及JIT及时配送。

作为德国最重要的鱼类加工中心,过去数年中,不来梅哈芬渔业港从传统的转运和加工区转变成了现代食品加工基地。

客运
不来梅哈芬港的哥伦布豪华游轮码头是欧洲最先进的客运码头之一,能同时容纳四艘豪华游轮停泊。

其他功能
不来梅哈芬港是德国风力发电设备的主要转运港口,目前正在规划新建一个专门的海上风力设备码头。

腹地运输
不来梅哈芬港内发达的港区铁路与德国和欧洲铁路网络相连,多家铁路货运公司经营从不来梅哈芬港发往德国及欧洲各大经济中心的定期集装箱货运线路。铁路运输同时也是不来梅哈芬港汽车进出口的主要腹地运输途径之一。

不来梅哈芬港的腹地公路运输条件也在欧洲各港口中名列前茅,港口紧靠德国联邦高速公路A27,距离德国中南部经济圈仅有5-8小时车程。

在水路运输方面,不来梅哈芬港与北欧、波罗的海沿岸东欧国家、俄罗斯的港口之间拥有密集的支线运输网络。往内陆方向,驳船能借助威悉河进入德国内河网络,抵达包括不来梅内港、汉诺威、明登、布伦瑞克等重要内河港。

 英文简介
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The Port of Bremerhaven is the southernmost port in Germany, lying to the east of the Weser estuary where the Weser and Geest Rivers meet.

Port History
In 888, Saxon King Arnulf gave Bremen the right to have a market, although it was already an important site for trade. In 1358, it joined the Hanseatic League, with Norway as a major trading partner. In 1541, Emperor V boosted trade when he gave Bremen stacking rights to Bremen, meaning that goods passing through it had to be unloaded and offered to local merchants.

In 1619, merchants began to construct Vegesack harbor, the first artificial harbor on the Weser, to overcome silting of the river. Though it was occupied by the French for a time, after the end of the Napoleonic Wars, the Bremen Senate purchased 89 hectares to build a new port closer to the North Sea. That site evolved into today's Port of Bremerhaven.

In 1847, construction of New Harbour began to accommodate the larger steam ships that were replacing sailing ships. In 1860, the Weser railway station opened the Port of Bremerhaven to ship to rail transport. But silting of the Weser River continued to be a serious problem. In 1887, work began to correct this problem, and the Weser Channel that resulted is still in use today.

From that time forward, the Port of Bremerhaven has continued to pursue aggressive expansion. The Port of Bremerhaven was Germany's largest fishing port by 1830, and in 1857 in became the largest passenger port in the country. Over seven 7 million people have emigrated to North America through the Port of Bremerhaven since the early 19th Century. With the Weser Channel, its importance as a major port was ensured.

Port Commerce
While the city was seriously damaged by World War II, the docks were relatively unscathed. In 1958, construction began on the Port of Bremerhaven's second passenger facility and, in 1968, the 765-yard quay was started for the port's first container terminal. In 1972, a second container terminal with over 1000 yards of riverside quay, and a roll-in/roll-off facility was opened. In 1977, the BLG Auto Terminal started operating.

In 1982, a modern grain facility opened. When the Container Terminal II was opened in 1983, the Port of Bremerhaven acquired the largest closed container facility on the continent. Ever since, new facilities regularly opened - cold storage, vehicle imports, space for larger container ships, a new industrial park, and a third container terminal. Aggressive expansion continues into the 21st Century.

The Columbus Cruise Center Bremerhaven was opened in 2003, and work began for a fourth container terminal in 2004. In 2005, a major effort began to provide more area for handling automobiles, involving new waterfront construction and deepening of the harbor basin.

Today, the Port of Bremerhaven is the 16th largest container port in the world and the 4th largest in Europe, with almost five million TEUs of cargo being handled there in 2007. Every year, more than 1.9 million cars are moved through the port, making the Port of Bremerhaven the second busiest automobile transport center in Europe. In 2008, the Port of Bremerhaven handled over 4.9 million TEUs, compared to 1.7 million in 1998, of containerized cargo. In 2006, the port handled over 174 million gross tons of cargo.

Cruising and Travel
Opened in 2003, the Columbus Cruise Center is one of the world's most modern passenger terminals. Passengers are treated to a modern waiting section and rest area, shops, restaurants, and a wonderful view of the Outer Weser River and North Sea. In 2008, almost 100 cruise vessels will transport over 130 thousand passengers into and out of the Port of Bremerhaven. You can find a schedule of cruise ship visits on the Port of Bremerhaven website.



不来梅哈芬港联盟公司  申请成为推荐企业
EUROGATE GmbH & Co. KGaA, KG
联系: InfoCN_EUROGATE
电话: 86-21-50812266
传真: 86-21-58206408
邮箱: infocn.infocn@eurogte.eu
网址: www.eurogate.eu

不来梅哈芬港相关企业
船代公司
备件物料供应
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船员劳务公司

不来梅哈芬港口动态
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