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 港口目录
BUSAN - 釜山 (最近更新:2009-1-20)    
基本信息 | 港务局信息 | 中文简介 | 英文简介 |

 基本信息
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港口中文名:
釜山
港口英文名:
BUSAN
港口代码:
港口缩写:
所在国家:
S.KOREA
经纬度:
35 ° 7'0"N,129 ° 2'0"E
 
时差:
-9:00  
锚地:
35-05-30N 129-05-00E  
泊位吃水:
14  
海图号:
1259  
港口类型:
Seaport  
港口大小:
Large  

 港务局信息
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港务局:
Busan Port Authority
地址:
79-9, Jungan-Dong 4GA
Jung-Gu
Busan 600-016
Korea, South
电话:
82-51-999-3000
传真:
邮件:
bpamaster@busanpa.com
网址:
www.portbusan.or.kr

 中文简介
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SAME AS PUSAN FUEL:BUNKER "A", BUNKER "C", LRFO, LO AND DIESEL OIL DRY DOCKS:80,000 G.R.T. 韩国最大商港。位于朝鲜半岛东南角、釜山湾内,临朝鲜海峡。北至蔚山40海里,浦相60海里,东南至北九州120海里,西南至丽水港100海里,济州170海里,上海500海里。港区分布在釜山湾西北岸,沿海岸自西南东北分布有10座码头,码头线总长8681米,有60多个泊位。其中第一突堤码头线总长475米,水深8-9米,可停靠8000吨级船3艘,用于杂货、集装箱、钢材;第二突堤周边码头线总长925米,沿边水深9-11米,可停靠2万吨级船6艘,用于杂货、集装箱、钢材、原糖;中央码头位于第二、三突堤之间的顺岸,总长645米、水深9米,可停靠8000吨级船4艘,用于杂货集装箱;第三突堤沿边长1145米,水深9-10米,可靠3000-1万吨级船7艘,用于集装箱、杂货、钢材和木材;第四突堤沿边长1308米,水深9-10米,可靠泊万吨级船9艘,用于集装箱、杂货、散水泥、钢材;第5、6突堤相连接,东北向西南伸展,具东南侧有集装箱专用泊位4个,沿边长1262米,水深12.5米,码头面积63公顷,库场38公顷,码头上配有30-40吨装卸桥8台,年装卸能力90万标准箱;第五突堤的西南端另有371米散粮泊位,并有8万吨粮库,以上五泊均可靠泊5万吨级船;第7码头在港湾东北岸,伸向西南、西北岸和西南端,总长656米,水深7.5-10.5米,可靠泊5000-15000吨级散货船4艘,用于煤、废钢和矿石;第8突堤在第7突堤东南,呈“L”型,西北侧长壁535米,水深10米,可靠1.5万吨级,西南端及近岸有3个泊位,长465米,水深5.0-9.0米;国内和国际客运码头在港区西南第一突堤南,两个小突堤码头线总长320米,可靠3000-1万吨级客轮;港内还有沿海码头线575米,和港外7个石油泊位。此外,第三集装箱码头在外港进港航道右侧长900米,水深14米,3个5万吨级泊位、年处理能力可达968标准箱,第四集装箱码头,4个泊位,码头线1400米,水深14米,该港的集装箱处理能力由现在的186万标准箱增加到306万标准箱,还有两个通用泊位。全港货物吞吐量达6338万吨,集装箱处理250万标准箱,居世界第六位,货物吞吐和集装箱都居韩国第一位。附近又是韩国最发达的工业区,原材料的进口,工业产品的出口使港口吞吐量迅速增加,特别是集装箱装卸,90年代又有更大发展,为世界瞩目。

 英文简介
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The Port of Busan (also known as Pusan) is on the southeast Korean peninsula facing Japan's western coast about half-way between the ports of Hiroshima and Fukuoka. It is Korea's gateway to the Pacific Ocean and its leading port.

Port History
As Geochilsan-guk, the Port of Busan was a chiefdom of Jinhan in the 2nd and 3rd Centuries AD. Nearby burial mounds indicate a complex chiefdom ruling the area between 300 and 400 AD. From the 10th to 14th Centuries, it was called Pusanpo. The Korean government designated the Port of Busan a trading post in the early 15th Century and allowed Japanese to settle there. The Japanese settlement at the Port of Busan was called Waegwan, and it continued to exist until Korea's modern diplomatic era began in 1876 when the Port of Busan became Korea's first international port.

The Port of Busan was opened to the Japanese in 1876 and to foreign trade in 1883. During the Japanese occupation (1910-1945), the Port of Busan became a trading hub with Japan. The Japanese developed the modern port and transportation routes from to Japan, China, and Russia.

It was one of two cities never occupied by North Korean Communists during the Korean War, thus it became a major refugee camp site. It was the temporary capital of the Republic of Korea, and the UN established a defensive area around the city in 1950. Since that time, Busan has been a self-governing city.

The Port of Busan (Pusan) was opened for the first time in 1876, and the Busan Maritime Organization was established in 1883. In 1905, pier construction began. In 1946, the Port of Busan's business affairs agency was opened, and its name was changed to Busan Maritime Affairs Bureau in 1949. In 1950, the UN army landed at the Port of Busan. In 1974, Pusan embarked on a major port development effort, and the Busan Port Coastal Passenger Terminal was completed in 1978. In 1995, railway service between Shinsundae and Jasungdae terminals was opened.

Port Commerce
About 50 thousand vessels call at the Port of Busan every year. The Busan Port Authority (BPA) is responsible for developing, managing, and operating the Port of Busan and surrounding areas. The BPA manages the quay wall, open storage yards, silo, and facilities for oil storage, distribution and sales, loading/unloading, and passengers.

Total throughput in 2006 was 229 million tons of both import and export cargo. Major cargo groups included textiles, machinery, electronics, chemical products, steel and steel products, prepared food stuffs, petroleum products, and plastics and rubber.

Opened in 2002, the Dongbu Pusan Container Terminal (DPCT) has a capacity to handle 1.2 million TEUs of containerized cargo per year. It offers over 800 meters of quay with draft of 15 meters. The U-AM Container Terminal is the first private terminal in Korea. Offering two berths and over 500 meters of quay and a depth of 11 meters of draft, it covers over 18.2 hectares and can stack 8000 TEUs of containerized cargo.

Opened in the late 1970s, the Hutchison Korea Terminals handled over 20 million TEUs of containerized cargo in 1997. The Hutchison Busan Container Terminal (HBTC) offers quay of over 1600 meters. It covers .8 hectares and can stack over 40 thousand TEUs of containerized cargo. The HBTC contains railroad connections and is equipped to handle hazardous container cargo.

Busan New Port is under construction. By mid-2009, it will offer nine berths and .8 hectares of quay with up to 11 meters of draft. Busan New Port already offers state-of-the-art facilities and is directly linked to both road and rail to Seoul and other industrial areas throughout the Republic of Korea. In 2006, the container storage yard covered 19 hectare with storage capacity for over 46 thousand TEUs of containerized cargo. By 2009, Busan New Port will cover almost 50 hectares including storage



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